When trees are in their natural environment they generally do well at adapting to stresses including pests and diseases. The problems usually begin when nature and the urban environment come in close contact with one another. Many of the problems we see are cultural, such as over watering, poor planting methods, soil quality, choice of location, improper fertilization etc. When a tree problem arises, we recommend having a professional arborist diagnose the problem. Although we prefer to treat pest and disease problems through cultural methods it is sometimes necessary to apply chemical treatment to control the problem. Arbortech provides a broad spectrum of choices that include both cultural and chemical treatment. Let one of our staff of Arborists or (PHC) Plant Health Care specialists design a program that will work for your particular needs..
When cultural controls can no longer be effective Systemic injections of insecticides, fungicides and micro-nutrients are one of the most environmentally friendly method of controlling insects and disease. This method involves injecting chemicals directly into the vascular system of the tree using a small needle designed to place the chemical into the cambium. Other treatments involve drilling small holes and a capsule is inserted to allow the fluid to flow into the cambium. Both methods have been found to be highly effective and virtually harmless to the tree.
Plant Health Care
PHC is designed to optimize your plants health and is as much a change in attitude as a change in technique. Not only does it emphasize plant health over pest management, it takes an ecosystem approach that emphasizes working with nature instead of fighting nature; it sees proper culture as the foundation of a healthy landscape. PHC is not a rejection of IPM. Basically, PHC has evolved from IPM, still incorporates all IPM principles, but goes beyond IPM.
There are several steps involved in implementing a PHC program which are:
- Identify and list all plants in your yard
- Determine the key problems
- Study your landscape ecosystem
- Frequent monitoring
- Optimize plant health
Integrated Pest Management
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.
Common Pests & Diseases
Several common pests and diseases are:
Sudden Oak Death